Key figures

17 November 2017ContactVincent Gollain, Renaud Roger

Global city region key figures Sources: National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies; PRE/AFI; French Ministry of Higher Education & Research; French customs; CRT; Grecam

The Paris Region plays a special role in France and Europe owing to its size, its status as the capital city region and its production characteristics. It has links with the other regions and with foreign capital cities through population migration, tourist flows, an attractive employment area, trade ties and economic cooperation ventures.

You only need to travel a few kilometres in the Paris Region to realise that the economy of the capital city region has completely changed everywhere, from its core centre to its rural outer ring as well as in the areas across which the future Grand Paris Express metro system will be developed. The list of transformations is a long one: the opening of "start-up factories"; the emergence of new office districts and business parks; the development of new cultural offerings driven by the growth in cultural infrastructures and urban routes such as those for visual or street art; the introduction of methanisation units to the farms of the Paris Region, etc. This dynamic is still at work with its share of opportunities, but also its share of challenges to all stakeholders in the public, private and voluntary sectors. The Region’s specific features are not static and some trends are modifying certain aspects of its profile.

The Paris/Île-de-France region is made up of 8 départements (counties) and 1,280 communes (municipalities), including the cities of Paris and Versailles and the business district of La Défense. It has 12 million inhabitants, or 18.2%  of the population of France. Another feature of the region is that 55% of Paris Region population is under 40.

  • Surface area: 12,012 sq km (4,638 sq m)
  • Population: 12 million inhabitants (2015) ie, 18.2% of the French population and 30.3% of the French national GDP (2014)
  • Population density: 1,005 inhab/sq km
  • GDP (sources: INSEE, Eurostat, 2016, data 2014): €649 billion
  • Higher education: 663,000 students (Source: Ministry of Education, Higher Education and Research, data 2015-2016)
  • Employment in public and private research in 2014 : 156,000 people
  • Total number of jobs (salaried + non-salaried): 6.2 million
  • Exports (source: French Customs, 2015): €83.2 billion
  • Imports (source: French Customs, 2015): €136.7 billion
  • Airport traffic (source: ADP, 2016): 97.2 million passengers
In France, Paris Region represents… Source: National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies

An international region

1.6 million foreigners ie, 13.1% of the population in 2013
68,000 foreign students in universities (Source: Ministry of Education, Higher Education and Research, 2015-2016)
13,000 foreign companies in 2015
340 foreign companies have created or preserved 9,579 jobs in 2015

The Paris Region continues to attract a growing number of investors

399 tradeshows 8.3 million visitors
€4.1billion in economic benefits
63,100 jobs

The Paris Region, gateway to Europe and the world

3 international airports: 97.2 million passengers & 709,403 flights
7 TGV (high-speed train) stations. 19 million TGV passengers travelling from Paris to the main European destinations. 1,800 km of railway tracks

The world’s leading tourist destination

46.7 million tourists, including 41.5% foreigners. €21 billion in economic benefits. 93,000 businesses. 524,000 jobs

172.6 million night stays, half the total night stays in France. 2,431 listed hotels

Comparative trends in GDP and employment in the Paris region and the rest of France, between 2000 and 2015Source: National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies

The Paris Region office market

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