Large-scale urban development projects in Europe
Cahiers, no. 146
The large-scale urban development projects are one of the instruments of major cities to implement their planning and development strategies. These ambitious and innovative projects symbolise the cities' capacities to adapt quickly to a changing world. They are also powerful levers for urban regeneration and places for full-scale testing a more sustainable urbanism.
The Regional Council has affirmed its willingness to bring about change in the Ile-de-France area in adopting its new Spatial Development Plan. Like most European metropolises, Ile-de-France is facing today three major challenges:
- Reducing social, environmental and territorial disparities,
- Anticipating climate and energy changes, and
- Developing jobs and economic excellence and developing the region's influence throughout the world.
The large-scale projects examined in this issue no. 165 of Les Cahiers are specific and original responses.
London, Berlin, Amsterdam, Milan, Barcelona, Copenhagen, Glasgow, Rotterdam or Genoa...
Are among the major cities whose projects are presented in this Cahiers with the analysis of their strategies and the necessary prerequisites for their achievement in order to draw lessons for the Ile-de-France region.
Most of the following case studies concern in-depth transformation of large sites with long-term (20-25 year) quantitative objectives: on average, in the range 5,000 to 20,000 new housing units are targeted, and in the range 10,000 to 60,000 new jobs are expected. The projects relate to sites offering high potential, but requiring strong public investment in order to create conditions favourable to development.
Urban density is sought in most of the projects through centrality, density and mix.
The urban projects' ambitions are numerous and not without contradictions:
- Achieving economic and urban regeneration of urban spaces,
- Achieving economic and cultural development,
- Reducing social and geographical disparities,
- Reducing ecological footprint.
If the real impact of large-scale development projects on the metropolitan economies is not always easy to determine precisely, there is no doubt that these projects provide a meaningful response to the many needs of the metropolises (building housing, offices, major amenities and activity spaces for Research and Development). They contribute in transforming run-down urban areas. They are often combined with a major event with global audience and they demonstrate their capacity to radically change the way these major cities are perceived internally and externally.
Websites of the large-scale urban development projects
Amsterdam IJburg, site of municipal project office
Amsterdam Zuidas, site of public project office
Barcelona 22@bcn, site of municipal corporation
Berlin Adlershof, site of project managing co.
Berlin Potsdamer Platz, site of city-region
Copenhagen Orestad, site of public development corp.
Dublin Docklands, site of public development corp.
Genova Porto Antico, site of public dvpt. partnership
Glasgow Clyde Waterfront, site of strategic dvpt. partnership
Lisboa Parque Das Nacoes, site of public development corp.
London Thames Gateway, site of public development corp.
Malmo Vastra Hammen, site of municipality
Ile Seguin - Rives de Seine, site of municipal dvpt. agency
La Défense, site of public development corp.
Marne-la-Vallée, site of public development corp.
Paris Rive Gauche, site of municipal dvpt. agency
Plaine Saint-Denis, site of intermunicipal authority
Seine Amont développement, site of association of cities
Seine Arche, site of public development corp.